History of the Indian National Congress
- founded on 28 December 1885
- On 28-31 December 1885, the Indian National Congress was founded at Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College in Bombay, with 72 delegates in attendance.
- Actually the meeting was decided to conduct at Pune and then it was organized to held at Mumbai due to Plague in Pune.
- A O Hume assumed office as the General Secretary, and W C Bonnerjee of Calcutta was elected President.
- The majority of delegates participated in the Bombay session was from Madras province.
- 9 resolutions were passed in the first session.
- The first resolution was presented by G Subrahmanya Ayyar(Grand Old Man of South India).
- The name INC was given by Dadabhai Navroji(Grand Old Man of India).
- Lord Dufferin was the british viceroy at the time of formation of INC.
- The act that made cause of formation of INC was homestead act 1862 in America and the theory was Safety Valve Theory.
- The only malayalie participated in the first session of INC was G P Pillai.
Second Session of INC(1886)
- The second session of INC was held at Kolkata in 1886.
- The president of the session was Dadabhai Navroji, was a Parsi intellectual.
- He became the president of INC 3 times-
- 1886 – Kolakata session
- 1893 – Lahore session
- 1906- Kolkata session
Third Session of INC (1887)
- The third session of INC was held at Madras in 1887.
- Badruddin Tyabji made Presidential Address to the Third Session ,he was the first Muslim president of INC.
Fourth Session of INC (1888)
- The Fourth session of INC was held at Allahabad in 1888.
- George Yule made Presidential Address to the Fourth Session, he was the first Non-Indian president of INC.
Fifth Session of INC (1889)
- The Fifth session of INC was held at Bombay in 1889.
- William Wedderburn made Presidential Address to the Fifth Session, he was the second Non-Indian president of INC.
- In 1910 Allahabad session also presided by William Wedderburn.
Seventh Session of INC (1891)
- The Seventh session of INC was held at Nagpur in 1891.
- Anandacharlu made Presidential Address to the Seventh Session, he was the first South Indian president of INC.
Tenth Session of INC (1894)
- The Seventh session of INC was held at Madras in 1894.
- Alfred Webb made Presidential Address to the Tenth Session, he was the Third Non-Indian president of INC.
Twelfth Session of INC (1896)
Thirteenth Session of INC (1897)
- The Thirteenth session of INC was held at Amravati (Maharashtra) in 1897.
- C. Sankaran Nair made Presidential Address to the Thirteenth Session, he was the only malayalee president of INC.
- “Gandhiyum Arachakathwavum” is a book written by C. Sankaran Nair.
Fifteenth Session of INC (1899)
- The Fifteenth session of INC was held at Lucknow in 1899.
- Romesh Chunder Dutt made Presidential Address to the Fifteenth Session.
- Constitution was approved in this session.
Seventeenth Session of INC (1901)
- The Seventeenth session of INC was held at Kolkata in 1901.
- Dinshaw Edulji Wacha made Presidential Address to the Seventeenth Session.
- The first INC session that Mahathma Gandhi attended with Gopalakrishna Gokhale.
21st Session of INC (1905)
- The 21st session of INC was held at Banares in 1905.
- Gopal Krishna Gokhale made Presidential Address to the 21st Session.
- INC took the Swadeshi call first at the Banaras Session.
22nd Session of INC (1906)
- The 22nd session of INC was held at Kolkata in 1906.
- Dadabhai Naoroji made Presidential Address to the 22nd Session.
- Thus in Calcutta session of 1906, under the leadership of Dadabhai Naoroji, Congress adopted Swaraj as the Goal of Indian people.
23rd Session of INC (1907)
- The 23rd session of INC was held at Surat (Gujarat) in 1907.
- Rashbihari Ghosh made Presidential Address to the 23rd Session.
- Separation of congress partymen into moderates and extremists.
27th Session of INC (1911)
- The 27th session of INC was held at Kolkata in 1911.
- Bishan Narayan Dar made Presidential Address to the 27th Session.
- Our National Anthem Jana Gana Mana was first sung in this session of INC.
Other Important Sessions
- Annie Besant :1917 Calcutta
- Mohandas Gandhi:1924 Belgaum
- Sarojini Naidu:1925 Kanpur
- Jawaharlal Nehru:1929 & 30 Lahore
- Subhas Chandra Bose:1938 Haripura, Gujarat
- J. B. Kripalani:1947 Meerut