Geography of India
Soils of India
Mountain Ranges In India
The Indian Islands
National Parks & Wild life Sanctuaries
Famous Dams in India
Atmosphere of Earth
, is a
which separates the
The Himalayas are bordered on the north by the Tibetan Plateau, on the south by the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
The Himalayas span five countries:
The Himalayan range runs northwest to southeast in a 2,400 kilometres(length).
The range varies in width from 400 to 150 kilometres.
It is the youngest mountain range in the world.
This range is home to
nine of the ten highest peaks on Earth
, including the highest,
It is located along the northern edge of the Indian plains.
Three of the world's major rivers — the
— arise in the Himalayas.
While the Indus and the Brahmaputra rise near
Ganges rises in the Indian state of
In India the major part of the Himalayas are occupied by Jammu & Kashmir.
Himalaya is a folded type mountain range.
The least width area of Himalayas are occupied by Arunachal Pradesh.
Himalaya is devided into Three major geographical entities, the Himadri (greater Himalaya), Himanchal (
) and the
Greater Himalaya contains the highest ranges in Himalaya.
It is also known as Himadri.
This is the continuous range.
The average range of mountains in this range is 6000metres.
The highest peak in the world Mount Everest(8848m) is located in Greater Himalaya.
It is also known as Himachal.
Also called the
Lesser Himalayas is a prominent range 2,000 to 3,000 meters.
Mainly composed of highly compressed and altered rocks.
Also Known as Shivalik.
The altitude varies between 900 and 1100m.
Earthquakes and landslides are frequent in this area.
The longitudinal valleys lying between the Himachal and Shivaliks are known as Dun.
The part of Himalaya located on Jammu & Kashmir is known as Trans-Himalaya.
It includes Karakoram, Ladak, Saskar etc.
Mount K2 (
) is the highest point of the
and the highest point in
Mount K2 is the
second highest mountain
in the world at 8,611 metres (28,251 ft), after
K2 is known as the
is located in the eastern
The glacier's region is the highest battleground on Earth, where Pakistan and India have fought intermittently since April 1984.
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