- Part III
- Article 12 - 35
- The idea of fundamental rights has been taken from U S Constitution
- Fundamental rights are justiciable.
- Part III of the constitution is called the Magnacarta of India and key stone of the constitution.
- Guardian of the fundamental rights are Supreme Court and High Court.
- Sardar Vallabhai Patel is the architect of fundamental rights.
- In the original constitution included 7 fundamental rights. But the Janatha Govt. by the 44th ammendment Act of 1978 deleted right to property (Article 31) from the list of fundamental rights.
- Thus now there are only six fundamental rights.
- Back bone of Fundamental Rights - Article 19
- Fundamental of Fundamental Rights - Article 32
- Foundation of Fundamental Rights - Article 21
- Right to equality (Article 14-18)
- Right to freedom (Article 19-22)
- Right against exploitation (Article 23-24)
- Right to freedom of religion (Article 25-28)
- Cultural and Educational rights (Article 29-30)
- Right to constitutional remedies (Article 32)
Artilce 14 - Equality before law
Article 15 - Protection from discrimination
Article 16 - Provides equality of opportunities in matter of public employment
Article 17 - Abolishes untouchability
Article 18 - Abolishes titles except military and academic
Article 19 - Six freedoms
Article 20 - Protection in respect of conviction for offences
Article 21 - Protection of life and personal liberty
Article 21A - Right to education
Article 22 - Protection against arrest and detention
Article 23 - Prohibition of Slavery
Article 24 - Prohibition of child labour
Article 32 - Right to constitutional remedies